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Inducing shades of meaning by matrix methods : a first step towards thematic analysis of opinion

Novakovich, David, Bruza, Peter D., & Sitbon, Laurianne (2009) Inducing shades of meaning by matrix methods : a first step towards thematic analysis of opinion. In Advances in Semantic Processing, IEEE, Sliema, Malta, pp. 86-91.

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Abstract

This article explores two matrix methods to induce the ``shades of meaning" (SoM) of a word. A matrix representation of a word is computed from a corpus of traces based on the given word. Non-negative Matrix Factorisation (NMF) and Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) compute a set of vectors corresponding to a potential shade of meaning. The two methods were evaluated based on loss of conditional entropy with respect to two sets of manually tagged data. One set reflects concepts generally appearing in text, and the second set comprises words used for investigations into word sense disambiguation. Results show that for NMF consistently outperforms SVD for inducing both SoM of general concepts as well as word senses. The problem of inducing the shades of meaning of a word is more subtle than that of word sense induction and hence relevant to thematic analysis of opinion where nuances of opinion can arise.

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ID Code: 29606
Item Type: Conference Paper
DOI: 10.1109/SEMAPRO.2009.8
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND IMAGE PROCESSING (080100) > Pattern Recognition and Data Mining (080109)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Institutes > Institute for Creative Industries and Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 IEEE
Copyright Statement: Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Deposited On: 12 Jan 2010 08:13
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:08

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