Metal oxide nanofibres membranes assembled by spin-coating method

Ke, Xuebin, Zheng, Zhanfeng, Zhu, Huai Yong, Zhang, Li Xiong, & Gao, Xueping (2009) Metal oxide nanofibres membranes assembled by spin-coating method. Desalination, 236, pp. 1-7.

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Abstract

Ceramic membranes are of particular interest in many industrial processes due to their ability to function under extreme conditions while maintaining their chemical and thermal stability. Major structural deficiencies under conventional fabrication approach are pin-holes and cracks, and the dramatic losses of flux when pore sizes are reduced to enhance selectivity. We overcome these structural deficiencies by constructing hierarchically structured separation layer on a porous substrate using larger titanate nanofibres and smaller boehmite nanofibres. This yields a radical change in membrane texture. The differences in the porous supports have no substantial influences on the texture of resulting membranes. The membranes with top layer of nanofibres coated on different porous supports by spin-coating method have similar size of the filtration pores, which is in a range of 10–100 nm. These membranes are able to effectively filter out species larger than 60 nm at flow rates orders of magnitude greater than conventional membranes. The retention can attain more than 95%, while maintaining a high flux rate about 900 L m-2 h. The calcination after spin-coating creates solid linkages between the fibres and between fibres and substrate, in addition to convert boehmite into -alumina nanofibres. This reveals a new direction in membrane fabrication.

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6 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 29651
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Funders: ARC
Keywords: Nanofibres, Ceramic membrane, High flux, Metal oxide, Spin coating
DOI: 10.1016/j.desal.2007.10.043
ISSN: 0011-9164
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > School of Physical & Chemical Sciences
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Elsevier
Deposited On: 14 Jan 2010 01:26
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2014 01:31

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