In-vehicle technology functional requirements for older drivers
Rakotonirainy, Andry & Steinhardt, Dale A. (2009) In-vehicle technology functional requirements for older drivers. In Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Automotive User Interfaces and Interactive Vehicular Applications, ACM Press, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany, pp. 27-33.
Older drivers represent the fastest growing segment of the road user population. Cognitive and physiological capabilities diminishes with ages. The design of future in-vehicle interfaces have to take into account older drivers' needs and capabilities. Older drivers have different capabilities which impact on their driving patterns and subsequently on road crash patterns. New in-vehicle technology could improve safety, comfort and maintain elderly people's mobility for longer. Existing research has focused on the ergonomic and Human Machine Interface (HMI) aspects of in-vehicle technology to assist the elderly. However there is a lack of comprehensive research on identifying the most relevant technology and associated functionalities that could improve older drivers' road safety. To identify future research priorities for older drivers, this paper presents: (i) a review of age related functional impairments, (ii) a brief description of some key characteristics of older driver crashes and (iii) a conceptualisation of the most relevant technology interventions based on traffic psychology theory and crash data.
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