Bifocal lens control of myopia progression in children
Cheng, Desmond (2008) Bifocal lens control of myopia progression in children. PhD by Publication, Queensland University of Technology.
This research investigated underlying issues that were critical to the success of the bifocal trial and comprised of three studies. The first study evaluated if Chinese-Canadian children were suitable subjects for the bifocal trial. The high prevalence of myopia in Chinese children suggests that genetic input plays a role in myopia development, but the rapid increase in prevalence over the last few decades indicates environmental factors are also important. Since this bifocal trial was conducted in Canada, this work aimed to determine whether Chinese children who had migrated to Canada would still have high myopia prevalence and a high rate of myopia progression. The second study determined the optimal bifocal lens power for myopia treatment and the effect of incorporating base-in prism into the bifocal. In the majority of published myopia control studies, the power of the prescribed near addition was usually predetermined in the belief that the near addition would always help to improve the near focus. In fact, the effect of near addition on the accommodative error might be quite different even for individuals in which the same magnitude of accommodation lag had been measured. Therefore, this work was necessary to guide the selection of bifocal and prism powers most suitable for the subsequent bifocal trial. The third study, the ultimate goal of this research, was to conduct a longitudinal clinical trial to determine if bifocals and prismatic bifocals could control myopia progression in children.
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|Item Type:||QUT Thesis (PhD by Publication)|
|Supervisor:||Schmid, Katrina & Woo, George|
|Keywords:||children, Chinese, myopia, prevalence, accommodation, bifocal, phoria|
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
|Institution:||Queensland University of Technology|
|Deposited On:||14 Jan 2010 04:06|
|Last Modified:||28 Oct 2011 19:54|
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