Comparing subjective and objective measures of health : Evidence from hypertension for the income/health gradient

Johnston, David W., Propper, Carol, & Shields, Michael A. (2009) Comparing subjective and objective measures of health : Evidence from hypertension for the income/health gradient. Journal of Health Economics, 28 (3 ), 540 -552.

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Economists rely heavily on self-reported measures to examine the relationship between income and health. We directly compare survey responses of a self-reported measure of health that is commonly used in nationally representative surveys with objective measures of the same health condition. We focus on hypertension. We find no evidence of an income/health greadient using self-reported hypertension but a sizeable gradient when using objectively measured hypertension. We also find that the probability of a false negative reporting is significantly income graded. Our results suggest that using commonly available self-reported chronic health measures might underestimate true income-related inequalities in health.

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64 citations in Scopus
52 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 29846
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional Information: Publisher PDF removed to I:\Support_for_Research\ePrints\FULL TEXT-PDF
Keywords: Hypertension, Self-reported health, Objective health, Reporting error, Income
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2009.02.010
ISSN: 0167-6296
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Health Economics (140208)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Economics & Finance
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Elsevier BV, North-Holland
Deposited On: 22 Jan 2010 00:28
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2011 17:26

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