A comparison of the hazard perception ability of matched groups of healthy drivers aged 35 to 55, 65 to 74, and 75 to 84 years

Horswill, Mark S., Pachana, Nancy A., Wood, Joanne M., Marrington, Shelby A., McWilliam, Jenna, & McCullough, Cynthia M. (2009) A comparison of the hazard perception ability of matched groups of healthy drivers aged 35 to 55, 65 to 74, and 75 to 84 years. International Neuropsychological Society. Journal, 15(5), pp. 1-4.

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Abstract

We examined differences in response latencies obtained during a validated video-based hazard perception driving test between three healthy, community-dwelling groups: 22 mid-aged (35-55 years), 34 young-old (65-74 years), and 23 old-old (75-84 years) current drivers, matched for gender, education level, and vocabulary. We found no significant difference in performance between mid-aged and young-old groups, but the old-old group was significantly slower than the other two groups. The differences between the old-old group and the other groups combined were independently mediated by useful field of view (UFOV), contrast sensitivity, and simple reaction time measures. Given that hazard perception latency has been linked with increased crash risk, these results are consistent with the idea that increased crash risk in older adults could be a function of poorer hazard perception, though this decline does not appear to manifest until age 75+ in healthy drivers.

Impact and interest:

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19 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 30022
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Fitness-to-drive, Older adults, Primary aging, Cognitive function, Sensory declines, Motor function
DOI: 10.1017/S1355617709990312
ISSN: 1355-6177
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Cambridge University Press
Deposited On: 28 Jan 2010 03:43
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2014 06:11

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