Are country and cultural values interchangeable? : a case example using occupational stress and coping

Sawang, Sukanlaya, Goh, Yong Wah, & Oei, Tian (2006) Are country and cultural values interchangeable? : a case example using occupational stress and coping. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 6(2), pp. 205-219.

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Cross-cultural research in occupational stress and coping has produced a wealth of knowledge. Although advancement has been made, there are still problems to be solved. One of these problems is the confusion generated in the literature by researchers claiming nation or country as representing cultural values, and the use of the two terms interchangeably. It remains unclear whether this practice is correct. The present paper reported on this by using 511 full time employees from Australia, Singapore and Sri Lanka to study occupational stress and coping. Results revealed that cultural value paradigm (i.e., Individualism-Collectivism) was distributed across the three nations, such that over 60% of participants across the three nations were either high or low in both I-C paradigms. The findings also indicated that the relationship between cultural value paradigm and country impacted on stress and coping differently. The study shows that significant differences exist within country, as well as between countries, such that any attempt to equate ‘culture’ with ‘country’ becomes problematic. Therefore, these findings establish that country or nation was not the same as culture values and could not be used interchangeably.

Impact and interest:

19 citations in Scopus
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ID Code: 30086
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Occupational Stress , Transactional Model of Coping, Individualism, Collectivism, Asia
DOI: 10.1177/1470595806066330
ISSN: 1470-5958
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Industrial and Organisational Psychology (170107)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School
Current > Schools > School of Management
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 SAGE Publications
Deposited On: 29 Jan 2010 03:24
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 14:35

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