Weather variability, sunspots, and the blooms of cyanobacteria

Hu, Wenbiao, Connell, Des, Mengersen, Kerrie L., & Tong, Shilu (2009) Weather variability, sunspots, and the blooms of cyanobacteria. EcoHealth, 6(1), pp. 71-78.

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The roles of weather variability and sunspots in the occurrence of cyanobacteria blooms, were investigated using cyanobacteria cell data collected from the Fred Haigh Dam, Queensland, Australia. Time series generalized linear model and classification and regression (CART) model were used in the analysis. Data on notified cell numbers of cyanobacteria and weather variables over the periods 2001 and 2005 were provided by the Australian Department of Natural Resources and Water, and Australian Bureau of Meteorology, respectively. The results indicate that monthly minimum temperature (relative risk [RR]: 1.13, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02-1.25) and rainfall (RR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.03-1.20) had a positive association, but relative humidity (RR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.91-0.98) and wind speed (RR:0.90; 95% CI: 0.82-0.98) were negatively associated with the cyanobacterial numbers, after adjustment for seasonality and auto-correlation. The CART model showed that the cyanobacteria numbers were best described by an interaction between minimum temperature, relative humidity, and sunspot numbers. When minimum temperature exceeded 18%C and relative humidity was under 66%, the number of cyanobacterial cells rose by 2.15-fold. We conclude that the weather variability and sunspot activity may affect cyanobacterial blooms in dams.

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6 citations in Scopus
6 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 30095
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Cyanobacteria, Weather Variability, Sunspot, Generalised Linear Models, Classification and Regression Trees, Time Series
DOI: 10.1007/s10393-009-0223-3
ISSN: 1612-9202
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Past > Schools > Mathematical Sciences
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Springer
Copyright Statement: The original publication is available at SpringerLink
Deposited On: 29 Jan 2010 00:10
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 14:06

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