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Malnutrition and pressure ulcer risk in adults in Australian health care facilities

Banks, Merrilyn D., Bauer, Judith D., Graves, Nicholas, & Ash, Susan (2010) Malnutrition and pressure ulcer risk in adults in Australian health care facilities. Nutrition, 26(9), pp. 896-901.

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Abstract

Aims

To determine the effect of nutritional status on the presence and severity of pressure ulcers in statewide? public healthcare facilities, in Queensland, Australia.

Research Methods

A multicentre, cross sectional audit of nutritional status of a convenience sample of subjects was carried out as part of a large audit of pressure ulcers in a sample of state based public healthcare facilities in 2002 and 2003. Dietitians in 20 hospitals and six residential aged care facilities conducted single day nutritional status audits of 2208 acute and 839 aged care subjects using the Subjective Global Assessment. The effect of nutritional status on the presence, highest stage and number of pressure ulcers was determined by logistic regression in a model controlling for age, gender, medical specialty and facility location. The potential clustering effect of facility was accounted for in the model using an analysis of correlated data approach.

Results

Subjects with malnutrition had an adjusted odds risk of 2.6 (95% CI 1.8-3.5, p<0.001) of having a pressure ulcer in acute facilities and 2.0 (95% CI 1.5-2.7, p<0.001) for residential aged care facilities. There was also increased odds risk of having a pressure ulcer, having a higher stage pressure ulcer and a higher number of pressure ulcers with increased severity of malnutrition.

Conclusion

Malnutrition was associated with at least twice the odds risk of having a pressure ulcer of in public healthcare facilities in Queensland. Action must be taken to identify, prevent and treat malnutrition, especially in patients at risk of pressure ulcer.

Impact and interest:

19 citations in Scopus
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16 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 30205
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Pressure Ulcer, Nutritional Status, Malnutrition, Subjective Global Assessment, Hospitalized Adults, Residential Aged Care
DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2009.09.024
ISSN: 0899-9007
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Clinical and Sports Nutrition (111101)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Public Nutrition Intervention (111104)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Nutrition. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Nutrition, [VOL 26, ISSUE 9, (2010)] DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2009.09.024
Deposited On: 04 Feb 2010 08:12
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2013 11:49

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