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Policies and principles on access to and reuse of public sector information : a review of the literature in Australia and selected jurisdictions [Chapter 5: United States]

Fitzgerald, Anne M. (2010) Policies and principles on access to and reuse of public sector information : a review of the literature in Australia and selected jurisdictions [Chapter 5: United States]. Policies and Principles on Access to and Reuse of Public Sector Information : a Review of the Literature in Australia and Selected Jurisdictions. (Unpublished)

Abstract

Governments generate a vast and important flow of information and content which is produced by their employees and contractors, or by other organisations that receive government funding, across a very broad range of scientific, social, cultural and economic activity. The term “public sector information” (PSI) is used here in a broad sense to include information and data produced by the public sector as well as materials that result from publicly-funded cultural, educational and scientific activities. It can include policy documents and reports of government departments, public registers, legislation and regulations, meteorological information, scientific research databases, statistical compilations and datasets, maps and geospatial information1 and numerous other data and information products produced by government for public purposes. The importance of ensuring that such information flows to those who want access to it in order to use and reuse it is increasingly recognised. The value of PSI derives from its use. A great deal of the information and content generated by governments and publicly-funded researchers is of value and relevance to the broader community. Properly used, as well as contributing to social and economic development, advancing education, research and innovation, it enhances public health and safety, creates opportunities for engagement between government and citizens, fosters transparency of governance and promotes democratic ideals. It is an essential foundation of an informed, participatory society and provides a foundation for evidence-based policy and decision-making, for example, in the planning and delivery of health and social welfare programs. The ability of the global community to address pressing challenges in the environmental, economic, health, cultural, and other fields is dependent on realising the full potential of this information and data, which demands improved levels of access and clearer reuse rights.

Impact and interest:

Citation countsare sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

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ID Code: 30407
Item Type: Review
Keywords: Public Sector Information, Open Access, Government, Policy, Principles, United States , spatial information
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > LAW AND LEGAL STUDIES (180000) > LAW (180100) > Intellectual Property Law (180115)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Law
Past > Institutes > Institute for Creative Industries and Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright in the original commentary text and compilation of materials in this work is owned by Anne Fitzgerald. Copyright in all extracts from original works included in this compilation continues to belong to the owners of copyright in those works and is not affected or altered in any way by their inclusion in this work.
Copyright Statement: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Australia licence. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.5/au/) Attribution is to Professor Anne Fitzgerald.
Deposited On: 15 Feb 2010 09:13
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2010 00:21

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