Thermal tweezers for manipulation of adatoms and nanoparticles on surfaces heated by interfering laser pulses
Gramotnev, Dmitri, Gramotnev, Galina, & Mason, Daniel (2008) Thermal tweezers for manipulation of adatoms and nanoparticles on surfaces heated by interfering laser pulses. Journal of Applied Physics, 104, 064320-1.
We conduct the detailed numerical investigation of a nanomanipulation and nanofabrication technique—thermal tweezers with dynamic evolution of surface temperature, caused by absorption of interfering laser pulses in a thin metalfilm or any other absorbing surface. This technique uses random Brownian forces in the presence of strong temperature modulation (surfacethermophoresis) for effective manipulation of particles/adatoms with nanoscale resolution. Substantial redistribution of particles on the surface is shown to occur with the typical size of the obtained pattern elements of ∼100 nm, which is significantly smaller than the wavelength of the incident pulses used (532 nm). It is also demonstrated that thermal tweezers based on surfacethermophoresis of particles/adatoms are much more effective in achieving permanent high maximum-to-minimum concentration ratios than bulk thermophoresis, which is explained by the interaction of diffusing particles with the periodic lattice potential on the surface. Typically required pulse regimes including pulse lengths and energies are also determined. The approach is applicable for reproducing any holographically achievable surfacepatterns, and can thus be used for engineering properties of surfaces including nanopatterning and design of surface metamaterials.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Surface Diffusion, Nanofabrication, Nano-manipulation, Nanoparticles|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PHYSICAL SCIENCES (020000) > CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS (020400) > Surfaces and Structural Properties of Condensed Matter (020406)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > TECHNOLOGY (100000) > NANOTECHNOLOGY (100700) > Nanofabrication Growth and Self Assembly (100706)
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2008 American Institute of Physics|
|Deposited On:||12 Feb 2010 22:47|
|Last Modified:||27 Mar 2014 14:37|
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