Eyelid pressure and contact with the ocular surface

Shaw, Alyra J., Collins, Michael J., Davis, Brett A., & Carney, Leo G. (2010) Eyelid pressure and contact with the ocular surface. Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science, 51(4), pp. 1911-1917.

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Purpose To investigate static upper eyelid pressure and contact with the ocular surface in a group of young adult subjects. Methods Static upper eyelid pressure was measured for 11 subjects using a piezoresistive pressure sensor attached to a rigid contact lens. Measures of eyelid pressure were derived from an active pressure cell (1.14 mm square) beneath the central upper eyelid margin. To investigate the contact region between the upper eyelid and ocular surface, we used pressure sensitive paper and the lissamine-green staining of Marx’s line. These measures combined with the pressure sensor readings were used to derive estimates of eyelid pressure. Results The mean contact width between the eyelids and ocular surface estimated using pressure sensitive paper was 0.60 ± 0.16 mm, while the mean width of Marx’s line was 0.09 ± 0.02 mm. The mean central upper eyelid pressure was calculated to be 3.8 ± 0.7 mmHg (assuming that the whole pressure cell was loaded), 8.0 ± 3.4 mmHg (derived using the pressure sensitive paper imprint widths) and 55 ± 26 mmHg (based on contact widths equivalent to Marx’s line). Conclusions The pressure sensitive paper measurements suggest that a band of the eyelid margin, significantly larger than the anatomical zone of the eyelid margin known as Marx’s line, has primary contact with the ocular surface. Using these measurements as the contact between the eyelid margin and ocular surface, we believe that the mean pressure of 8.0 ± 3.4 mmHg is the most reliable estimate of static upper eyelid pressure.

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ID Code: 30997
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Eyelid Pressure, Eyelid Contact, Marx's Line
DOI: 10.1167/iovs.09-4090
ISSN: 0146-0404
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > OPTOMETRY AND OPHTHALMOLOGY (111300) > Optometry and Ophthalmology not elsewhere classified (111399)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Optometry & Vision Science
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
Deposited On: 18 Feb 2010 04:35
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2012 01:27

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