Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral finnemanite Pb5(As3+O3)3Cl
The arsenite minerals finnemanite Pb5(As3+O3)3Cl been studied by Raman spectroscopy. The most intense Raman band at 871 cm-1 is assigned to the ν1 (AsO3)3- symmetric stretching vibration. Three Raman bands at 898, 908 and 947 cm-1 are assigned to the ν3 (AsO3)3- antisymmetric stretching vibration. The observation of multiple antisymmetric stretching vibrations suggest that the (AsO3)3- units are not equivalent in the molecular structure of finnemanite. Two Raman bands at 383 and 399 cm-1 are assigned to the ν2 (AsO3)3- bending modes. DFT calculations enabled the position of AsO32- symmetric stretching mode at 839 cm-1, the antisymmetric stretching mode at 813 cm-1, and the deformation mode at 449 cm-1 to be calculated. Raman bands are observed at 115, 145, 162, 176, 192, 216 and 234 cm-1 as well. The two most intense bands are observed at 176 and 192 cm-1. These bands are assigned to PbCl stretching vibrations and result from transverse/ longitudinal splitting. The bands at 145 and 162 cm-1 may be assigned to Cl-Pb-Cl bending modes.
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