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Stem cell–related gene expression in clonal populations of mesenchymal stromal cells from bone marrow

Mareddy, Shobha, Dhaliwal, Navdeep, Crawford, Ross, & Xiao, Yin (2010) Stem cell–related gene expression in clonal populations of mesenchymal stromal cells from bone marrow. Tissue Engineering. Part A. Tissue Engineering, 16(2), pp. 749-758.

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Abstract

Decline in the frequency of potent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been implicated in ageing and degenerative diseases. Increasing the circulating stem cell population can lead to renewed recruitment of these potent cells at sites of damage. Therefore, identifying the ideal cells for ex vivo expansion will form a major pursuit of clinical applications. This study is a follow-up of previous work that demonstrated the occurrence of fast-growing multipotential cells from the bone marrow samples. To investigate the molecular processes involved in the existence of such varying populations, gene expression studies were performed between fast- and slow-growing clonal populations to identify potential genetic markers associated with stemness using the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction comprising a series of 84 genes related to stem cell pathways. A group of 10 genes were commonly overrepresented in the fast-growing stem cell clones. These included genes that encode proteins involved in the maintenance of embryonic and neural stem cell renewal (sex-determining region Y-box 2, notch homolog 1, and delta-like 3), proteins associated with chondrogenesis (aggrecan and collagen 2 A1), growth factors (bone morphogenetic protein 2 and insulin-like growth factor 1), an endodermal organogenesis protein (forkhead box a2), and proteins associated with cell-fate specification (fibroblast growth factor 2 and cell division cycle 2). Expression of diverse differentiation genes in MSC clones suggests that these commonly expressed genes may confer the maintenance of multipotentiality and self-renewal of MSCs.

Impact and interest:

11 citations in Scopus
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9 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 31505
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Mesenchymal Stromal Cells, Bone Marrow, gene expression
DOI: 10.1089/ten.tea.2009.0307
ISSN: 1076-3279
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 26 Mar 2010 15:48
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:58

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