Perceptions of aging across 26 cultures and their culture-level associates

Lockenhoff , Corinna , De Fruyt, Filip, Terracciano, Antonio , McCrae, Robert R., De Bolle , Marleen, Costa , Paul, Aguilar-Vafaie, Maria, Ahn, Chang-Kyu , Ahn, Hyun-Nie , Alcalay, Lidia, Allik, Juri, Avdeyeva, Tatyana, Barbaranelli, Claudio, Benet-Martinez, Veronica, Blatný, Marek, Bratko, Denis, Cain, Thomas, Crawford, Jarrett, Lima, Margarida, Ficková, Emília, Gheorghiu, Mirona, Halberstadt, Jamin, Hřebíčková, Martina, Jussim, Lee, Klinkosz, Waldemar, Knežević, Goran, Leibovich de Figueroa, Nora, Martin, Thomas, Marušić, Iris, Mastor, Khairul A., Miramontez, Daniel, Nakazato, Katsuharu, Nansubuga, Florence, Pramila, V.S., Realo, Anu, Rolland, Jean-Pierre, Rossier, Jerome, Schmidt, Vanina, Sekowski, Andrzej, Shakespeare-Finch, Jane E., Shimonaka, Yoshiko, Simonetti, Franco , Siuta, Jerzy, Smith, Peter, Szmigielska, Barbara , Wang, Lei, Yamaguchi, Mami, & Yik, Michelle (2009) Perceptions of aging across 26 cultures and their culture-level associates. Psychology and Aging, 24(4), pp. 941-954.

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College students (N = 3,435) in 26 cultures reported their perceptions of age-related changes in physical, cognitive, and socioemotional areas of functioning and rated societal views of aging within their culture. There was widespread cross-cultural consensus regarding the expected direction of aging trajectories with (1) perceived declines in societal views of aging, physical attractiveness, the ability to perform everyday tasks, and new learning, (2) perceived increases in wisdom, knowledge, and received respect, and (3) perceived stability in family authority and life satisfaction. Cross-cultural variations in aging perceptions were associated with culture-level indicators of population aging, education levels, values, and national character stereotypes. These associations were stronger for societal views on aging and perceptions of socioemotional changes than for perceptions of physical and cognitive changes. A consideration of culture-level variables also suggested that previously reported differences in aging perceptions between Asian and Western countries may be related to differences in population structure.

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ID Code: 31659
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Aging, Stereotypes, Cross-Cultural, Values, National Character Stereotypes
DOI: 10.1037/a0016901
ISSN: 0882-7974
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Personality Abilities and Assessment (170109)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > OTHER PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (179900) > Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified (179999)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2009 American Psychological Association
Deposited On: 07 Apr 2010 22:34
Last Modified: 10 Jul 2017 13:01

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