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Expert performance in sport and the dynamics of talent development

Phillips, Elissa, Keith, David, Renshaw, Ian, & Portus, Marc (2010) Expert performance in sport and the dynamics of talent development. Sports Medicine, 40(4), pp. 271-283.

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Abstract

Research on expertise, talent identification and development has tended to be mono-disciplinary, typically adopting adopting neurogenetic deterministic or environmentalist positions, with an over-riding focus on operational issues. In this paper the validity of dualist positions on sport expertise is evaluated. It is argued that, to advance understanding of expertise and talent development, a shift towards a multi-disciplinary and integrative science focus is necessary, along with the development of a comprehensive multi-disciplinary theoretical rationale. Here we elucidate dynamical systems theory as a multi-disciplinary theoretical rationale for capturing how multiple interacting constraints can shape the development of expert performers. This approach suggests that talent development programmes should eschew the notion of common optimal performance models, emphasise the individual nature of pathways to expertise, and identify the range of interacting constraints that impinge on performance potential of individual athletes, rather than evaluating current performance on physical tests referenced to group norms.

Impact and interest:

45 citations in Scopus
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36 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 31787
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Expertise, Talent Development, Talent Identification, Skill Acquisition, Dynamical Systems Theory, Sport Performance
DOI: 10.2165/11319430-000000000-00000
ISSN: 0112-1642
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Motor Control (110603)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Adis Data Information BV
Deposited On: 22 Apr 2010 13:19
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:18

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