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Neighborhood disadvantage and physical activity : baseline results from the HABITAT multilevel longitudinal study

Turrell, Gavin, Haynes, Michele, Burton, Nicola, Giles-Corti, Billie, Oldenburg, Brian, Wilson, Lee-Ann M., Giskes, Katrina M., & Brown, Wendy J. (2010) Neighborhood disadvantage and physical activity : baseline results from the HABITAT multilevel longitudinal study. Annals of Epidemiology, 20(3), pp. 171-181.

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To examine the association between neighborhood disadvantage and physical activity (PA). ----------

METHODS: We use data from the HABITAT multilevel longitudinal study of PA among mid-aged (40-65 years) men and women (n=11, 037, 68.5% response rate) living in 200 neighborhoods in Brisbane, Australia. PA was measured using three questions from the Active Australia Survey (general walking, moderate, and vigorous activity), one indicator of total activity, and two questions about walking and cycling for transport. The PA measures were operationalized using multiple categories based on time and estimated energy expenditure that were interpretable with reference to the latest PA recommendations. The association between neighborhood disadvantage and PA was examined using multilevel multinomial logistic regression and Markov Chain Monte Carlo simulation. The contribution of neighborhood disadvantage to between-neighborhood variation in PA was assessed using the 80% interval odds ratio. ----------

RESULTS: After adjustment for sex, age, living arrangement, education, occupation, and household income, reported participation in all measures and levels of PA varied significantly across Brisbane’s neighborhoods, and neighborhood disadvantage accounted for some of this variation. Residents of advantaged neighborhoods reported significantly higher levels of total activity, general walking, moderate, and vigorous activity; however, they were less likely to walk for transport. There was no statistically significant association between neighborhood disadvantage and cycling for transport. In terms of total PA, residents of advantaged neighborhoods were more likely to exceed PA recommendations. ----------

CONCLUSIONS: Neighborhoods may exert a contextual effect on residents’ likelihood of participating in PA. The greater propensity of residents in advantaged neighborhoods to do high levels of total PA may contribute to lower rates of cardiovascular disease and obesity in these areas

Impact and interest:

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ID Code: 31961
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Markov Chains, Multilevel Analysis, Neighborhood, Physical Activity, Socioeconomic Factors
DOI: 10.1016/j.annepidem.2009.11.004
ISSN: 1047-2797
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Funding:
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc.
Deposited On: 06 May 2010 11:45
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2014 22:21

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