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Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women

Chandler-Laney, Paul , Hunter, Gary R. , Bush, Nikki , Alravez, Jessica , Roy, Jane , Byrne, Nuala M., & Gower, Barbara A. (2009) Associations among body size dissatisfaction, perceived dietary control, and diet history in African American and European American women. Eating Behaviors, 10(4), pp. 202-208.

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Abstract

European American (EA) women report greater body dissatisfaction and less dietary control than do African American (AA) women. This study investigated whether ethnic differences in dieting history contributed to differences in body dissatisfaction and dietary control, or to differential changes that may occur during weight loss and regain. Eighty-nine EA and AA women underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry to measure body composition and completed questionnaires to assess body dissatisfaction and dietary control before, after, and one year following, a controlled weight-loss intervention. While EA women reported a more extensive dieting history than AA women, this difference did not contribute to ethnic differences in body dissatisfaction and perceived dietary control. During weight loss, body satisfaction improved more for AA women, and during weight regain, dietary self-efficacy worsened to a greater degree for EA women. Ethnic differences in dieting history did not contribute significantly to these differential changes. Although ethnic differences in body image and dietary control are evident prior to weight loss, and some change differentially by ethnic group during weight loss and regain, differences in dieting history do not contribute significantly to ethnic differences in body image and dietary control.

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8 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 32049
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Dieting, Ethnicity, Weight Loss, Body Dissatisfaction, Cognitive Restraint, Self-Efficacy
DOI: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2009.06.003
ISSN: 1471-0153
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified (110699)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Deposited On: 06 May 2010 13:17
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:08

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