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Evolutionary algorithms for sustainable building design

Bukhari, Fakhri, Frazer, John H., & Drogemuller, Robin (2010) Evolutionary algorithms for sustainable building design. In The 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Architecture and Urban Development, 12-14 July 2010, Amman, Jordan.

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Abstract

This approach to sustainable design explores the possibility of creating an architectural design process which can iteratively produce optimised and sustainable design solutions. Driven by an evolution process based on genetic algorithms, the system allows the designer to “design the building design generator” rather than to “designs the building”. The design concept is abstracted into a digital design schema, which allows transfer of the human creative vision into the rational language of a computer. The schema is then elaborated into the use of genetic algorithms to evolve innovative, performative and sustainable design solutions. The prioritisation of the project’s constraints and the subsequent design solutions synthesised during design generation are expected to resolve most of the major conflicts in the evaluation and optimisation phases. Mosques are used as the example building typology to ground the research activity. The spatial organisations of various mosque typologies are graphically represented by adjacency constraints between spaces. Each configuration is represented by a planar graph which is then translated into a non-orthogonal dual graph and fed into the genetic algorithm system with fixed constraints and expected performance criteria set to govern evolution. The resultant Hierarchical Evolutionary Algorithmic Design System is developed by linking the evaluation process with environmental assessment tools to rank the candidate designs. The proposed system generates the concept, the seed, and the schema, and has environmental performance as one of the main criteria in driving optimisation.

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ID Code: 32401
Item Type: Conference Paper
Keywords: sustainable design, CAAD, conceptual design, generative design, evolutionary algorithm, genetic algorithm
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > ARCHITECTURE (120100)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > ARCHITECTURE (120100) > Architectural Science and Technology (incl. Acoustics Lighting Structure and Ecologically Sustainable Design) (120104)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > ARCHITECTURE (120100) > Architectural Design (120101)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Design
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 [please consult the authors]
Copyright Statement: The Policy of The Center for the Study of Architecture in the Arab Region (“the Publisher”) is to treat all Articles and Papers (“the Contribution”) for publication in its proceedings and books in the same way. In order to protect the work of authors against unauthorised use and at the same time, facilitate legal dissemination of that work by means of off-prints, legitimate photocopies, electronic access, reprints, translations, document delivery and secondary information sources such as databases, abstracting and indexing services, it is necessary for the authors to transfer the copyright in a formal written manner. This consent ensures that the Publisher has the author’s permission to publish the work. Author’s name: Author’s address: Title of the article (Contribution): Names of all authors in the order in which they appear in the article: 1. The Author hereby assigns to the Publisher the copyright to the Contribution named above whereby the Publisher shall have the exclusive right to publish the Contribution and translations of it wholly or in part throughout the world during the full term of copyright including renewals and extensions and all subsidiary rights. 2. The Author retains the right to republish the Contribution in any collection consisting solely of the author’s own works without charge and subject only to notifying the Publisher of the intent to do so and to ensuring that the publication by the Publisher is properly credited and that the relevant copyright notice is repeated verbatim. 3. The Author retains moral and all proprietary rights other than copyright, such as patent and trade-mark rights to any process or procedure described in the Contribution. 4. The Author guarantees that the Contribution is original, has not been published previously, is not under consideration for publication elsewhere and that any necessary permission to quote or reproduce illustrations from another source has been obtained (A copy of any such permission should be sent with this form). 5. The Author guarantees that the Contribution contains no violation of any existing copyright or other third party right or material of an obscene, indecent, libellous or otherwise unlawful nature and will indemnify the Publisher against all claims arising from any breach of this warranty. 6. The author declares that any named person as co-author of the Contribution is aware of this agreement and has also agreed the above warranties. To be signed by the author, also on behalf of all co-authors (if any). Name: Date: Signature
Deposited On: 28 May 2010 07:26
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:17

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