Determinants of health costs due to farmers’ exposure to pesticides : an empirical analysis
Athukorala, Wasantha, Wilson, Clevo, & Robinson, Tim (2010) Determinants of health costs due to farmers’ exposure to pesticides : an empirical analysis. In Proceedings of the 85th Annual Conference of Western Economic Association, Hilton Portland and Executive Tower, Portland, Oregon, pp. 1-24.
It is now well known that pesticide spraying by farmers has an adverse impact on their health. This is especially so in developing countries where pesticide spraying is undertaken manually. The estimated health costs are large. Studies to date have examined farmers’ exposure to pesticides, the costs of ill-health and their determinants based on information provided by farmers. Hence, some doubt has been cast on the reliability of such studies. In this study, we rectify this situation by conducting surveys among two groups of farmers. Farmers who perceive that their ill-health is due to exposure to pesticides and obtained treatment and farmers whose ill-health have been diagnosed by doctors and who have been treated in hospital for exposure to pesticides. In the paper, cost comparisons between the two groups of farmers are made. Furthermore, regression analysis of the determinants of health costs show that the quantity of pesticides used per acre per month, frequency of pesticide use and number of pesticides used per hour per day are the most important determinants of medical costs for both samples. The results have important policy implications.
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|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||Pesticides, Exposure to pesticides, Ill-health|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Environment and Resource Economics (140205)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Health Economics (140208)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Applied Economics not elsewhere classified (140299)
|Divisions:||Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > QUT Business School|
Current > Schools > School of Economics & Finance
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2010 [please consult the authors]|
|Deposited On:||28 Jun 2010 07:33|
|Last Modified:||06 Jan 2011 00:00|
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