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Evaluation of piezoelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) polymers for use in space environments. I. Temperature limitations

Dargaville, Tim R., Celina, Mathew, & Chaplya, Pavel M. (2005) Evaluation of piezoelectric poly(vinylidene fluoride) polymers for use in space environments. I. Temperature limitations. Journal of Polymer Science Part B : Polymer Physics, 43(11), pp. 1310-1320.

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Abstract

Smart materials, such as thin-film piezoelectric polymers, are interesting for potential applications on Gossamer spacecraft. This investigation aims to predict the performance and long-term stability of the piezoelectric properties of poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) and its copolymers under conditions simulating the low-Earthorbit environment. To examine the effects of temperature on the piezoelectric properties of PVDF, poly(vinylidenefluoride-co-trifluoroethylene), and poly(vinylidenefluoride-cohexafluoropropylene), the d33 piezoelectric coefficients were measured up to 160 8C, and the electric displacement/electric field (D–E) hysteresis loops were measured from �80 to þ110 8C. The room-temperature d33 coefficient of PVDF homopolymer films, annealed at 50, 80, and 125 8C, dropped rapidly within a few days of thermal exposure and then remained unchanged. In contrast, the TrFE copolymer exhibited greater thermal stability than the homopolymer, with d33 remaining almost unchanged up to 125 8C. The HFP copolymer exhibited poor retention of d33 at temperatures above 80 8C. In situ D–E loop measurements from �80 to þ110 8C showed that the remanent polarization of the TrFE copolymer was more stable than that of the PVDF homopolymer. D–E hysteresis loop and d33 results were also compared with the deflection of the PVDF homopolymer and TrFE copolymer bimorphs tested over a wide temperature range.

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26 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 33105
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: annealing, fluoropolymers, piezoelectric, thermal properties, vinylidene fluoride, trifluoroethylene copolymer
DOI: 10.1002/polb.20436
ISSN: 0887-6266
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > CHEMICAL SCIENCE (030000) > MACROMOLECULAR AND MATERIALS CHEMISTRY (030300) > Chemical Characterisation of Materials (030301)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > MATERIALS ENGINEERING (091200)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Deposited On: 14 Jul 2010 08:33
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:09

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