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Dynamics of in vitro polymer degradation of polycaprolactone-based scaffolds : accelerated versus simulated physiological conditions

Lam, Christopher X. F., Savalani, Monica M., Teoh, Swin-Hee, & Hutmacher, Dietmar W. (2008) Dynamics of in vitro polymer degradation of polycaprolactone-based scaffolds : accelerated versus simulated physiological conditions. Biomedical Materials, 3(3), pp. 34108-34123.

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Abstract

The increasing use of biodegradable devices in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine means it is essential to study and understand their degradation behaviour. Accelerated degradation systems aim to achieve similar degradation profiles within a shorter period of time, compared with standard conditions. However, these conditions only partially mimic the actual situation, and subsequent analyses and derived mechanisms must be treated with caution and should always be supported by actual long-term degradation data obtained under physiological conditions. Our studies revealed that polycaprolactone (PCL) and PCL-composite scaffolds degrade very differently under these different degradation conditions, whilst still undergoing hydrolysis. Molecular weight and mass loss results differ due to the different degradation pathways followed (surface degradation pathway for accelerated conditions and bulk degradation pathway for simulated physiological conditions). Crystallinity studies revealed similar patterns of recrystallization dynamics, and mechanical data indicated that the scaffolds retained their functional stability, in both instances, over the course of degradation. Ultimately, polymer degradation was shown to be chiefly governed by molecular weight, crystallinity susceptibility to hydrolysis and device architecture considerations whilst maintaining its thermodynamic equilibrium.

Impact and interest:

57 citations in Scopus
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37 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 33134
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
DOI: 10.1088/1748-6041/3/3/034108
ISSN: 1748-605X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomaterials (090301)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2008 IOP Publishing
Deposited On: 15 Jul 2010 08:26
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:50

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