Osteoarthritis Index delivered by mobile phone (m-WOMAC) is valid, reliable, and responsive

Bellamy, Nicholas, Wilson, Cecilia, Hendrikz, Joan, Whitehouse, Sarah L., Patel, Bipin, Dennison, Simon, & Davis, Tim (2011) Osteoarthritis Index delivered by mobile phone (m-WOMAC) is valid, reliable, and responsive. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 64(2), pp. 182-190.

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Objectives: To evaluate the validity, reliability and responsiveness of EDC using the WOMAC® NRS 3.1 Index on Motorola V3 mobile phones. ---------- Methods: Patients with osteoarthritis (OA) undergoing primary unilateral hip or knee joint replacement surgery were assessed pre-operatively and 3-4 months post-operatively. Patients completed the WOMAC® Index in paper (p-WOMAC®) and electronic (m-WOMAC®) format in random order. ---------- Results: 24 men and 38 women with hip and knee OA participated and successfully completed the m-WOMAC® questionnaire. Pearson correlations between the summated total index scores for the p-WOMAC® and m-WOMAC® pre- and post-surgery were 0.98 and 0.99 (p<0.0001). There was no clinically important or statistically significant between-method difference in the adjusted total summated scores, pre- and post-surgery (adjusted mean difference = 4.44, p = 0.474 and 1.73, p = 0.781). Internal consistency estimates of m-WOMAC® reliability were 0.87 – 0.98. The m-WOMAC® detected clinically important, statistically significant (p<0.0001) improvements in pain, stiffness, function and total index score. ---------- Conclusions: Sixty-two patients with hip and knee OA successfully completed EDC by Motorola V3 mobile phone using the m-WOMAC® NRS3.1 Index; completion times averaging only 1-1.5 minutes longer than the p-WOMAC® Index. Data were successfully and securely transmitted from patients in Australia to a server in the USA. There was close agreement and no significant differences between m-WOMAC® and p-WOMAC® scores. This study confirms the validity, reliability and responsiveness of the Exco InTouch engineered, Java-based m-WOMAC® Index application. EDC with the m-WOMAC® Index provides unique opportunities for using quantitative measurement in clinical research and practice.

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21 citations in Scopus
21 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 33200
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: WOMAC, Electronic Data Capture (EDC), Osteoarthritis, Measurement
DOI: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2010.03.013
ISSN: 0895-4356
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300) > Orthopaedics (110314)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Elsevier
Deposited On: 21 Jul 2010 23:49
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 14:16

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