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Self-efficacy, outcome expectations and self-care behaviour in people with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan

Wu, Shu-Fang Vivienne, Courtney, Mary D., Edwards, Helen E., McDowell, Jan K., Shortridge-Baggett, LM, & Chang, Pei-Jen (2007) Self-efficacy, outcome expectations and self-care behaviour in people with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 16(11), pp. 250-257.

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    Abstract

    Aims. To explore differences in self-care behaviour according to demographic and illness characteristics; and relationships among self-care behaviour and demographic and illness characteristics, efficacy expectations and outcome expectations of people with type 2 diabetes in Taiwan. Background. Most people with diabetes do not control their disease appropriately in Taiwan. Enhanced self-efficacy towards managing diseases can be an effective way of improving disease control as proposed by the self-efficacy model which provides a useful framework for understanding adherence to self-care behaviours. Design and methods. The sample comprised 145 patients with type 2 diabetes aged 30 years or more from diabetes outpatient clinics in Taipei. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire for this study. One-way anova, t-tests, Pearson product moment correlation and hierarchical regression were analysed for the study. Results. Significant differences were found: between self-care behaviour and complications (t = −2·52, p < 0·01) and patient education (t = −1·96, p < 0·05). Self-care behaviour was significantly and positively correlated with duration of diabetes (r = 0·36, p < 0·01), efficacy expectations (r = 0·54, p < 0·01) and outcome expectations (r = 0·44, p < 0·01). A total of 39·1% of variance in self-care behaviour can be explained by duration of diabetes, efficacy expectations and outcome expectations. Conclusions. Findings support the use of the self-efficacy model as a framework for understanding adherence to self-care behaviour. Relevance to clinical practice. Using self-efficacy theory when designing patient education interventions for people with type 2 diabetes will enhance self-management routines and assist in reducing major complications in the future.

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    27 citations in Scopus
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    23 citations in Web of Science®

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    ID Code: 33272
    Item Type: Journal Article
    Keywords: nurses, nursing, self-care behaviour, self-efficacy, Taiwan type 2 diabetes
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01930.x
    Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NURSING (111000)
    Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
    Deposited On: 27 Jul 2010 14:50
    Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:38

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