Ferreira, Luis (2005) Transport Research. In Saeg, P. & Charles, P. (Eds.) Transport Innovation in Australia. Creative Publishers, 3.1-3.13.
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Australia has had to be innovative and to develop and adapt technology and techniques to meet its specific needs.
With a small population and a large land mass, Australia has the challenge of providing access for remote communities, inter-urban and urban transport under a wide range of climatic conditions. Like many other countries Australia has growing traffic congestion and very significant demand for freight movements across the country. As a result, Australia has had to be innovative and to develop and adapt technology and techniques to meet its specific needs. Transport researchers in Australia are challenged to help provide transportation that is: • Safe for all users. This requires research into the means of modifying driver behaviour and to provide safe roadsides and interactions between vehicles and the road or other vehicles • Effective. The transportation system should be as effective and efficient as possible • Environmentally and socially acceptable. This requires the transportation system to be equitable and acceptable to all communities, groups and transport users • Affordable. The community demands value for money and not necessarily the cheapest systems Further, the research and development of transportation systems must be: • Intelligent, using information technology, computerised control, simulation, and with a strong understanding of processes involved in managing, controlling and advising transport users • Inclusive of all transport users (this includes the elderly the socially disadvantaged, freight and public transport users) Transport research in Australia is mainly undertaken by publicly funded institutions such as Universities, CSIRO, ARRB Group (formerly ARRB Transport Research), Bureau of Transport and Regional Economics (BTRE) and the private sector either independently or in collaboration with those institutions. Two such forms of collaboration are the Australian Research Council (ARC) program to encourage university-industry joint research effort and Co-operative Research Centres (CRCs). CRCs bring together researchers from universities, CSIRO and other government laboratories and private industry. They have been initiated by government to stimulate long-term, collaborative research and development efforts. Government provides significant funding to enable collaborative research to be of very substantial quality and size to ensure that the collaborative research undertaken by CRCs contribute to national objectives. CRCs support strong collaborative links between researchers, industry and other research users. This significantly increases the benefits of the research. CRCs also stimulate education and training through the involvement of people from outside the university system in education programs. As highlighted in the case study, the CRC for Railway Technologies and Materials is an example of such collaboration in the rail sector. Following this introductory section this Chapter briefly covers the following topics: • Main research focus of some of the major centres undertaking research at Australia Universities, ARRB Group, CSIRO and BTRE • Examples of current research projects being funded by the ARC through its program of ARC Discovery (basic research) and ARC Linkage grants.
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|Item Type:||Book Chapter|
|Additional Information:||For more information about this book please refer to the publisher's website (link above) or contact the author: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Keywords:||Transport research, logistics research, road safety, intelligent transport systems, air quality research, emissions modelling, traffic simulation, transport modelling, railway research, public transport, sustainability indicators, automotive engineering, freight systems planning, pavement engineering|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Transport Engineering (090507)|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2005 Creative Publishers|
|Deposited On:||23 May 2006|
|Last Modified:||09 Jun 2010 22:30|
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