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Why do poor people perceive poor neighbourhoods? : the role of objective neighbourhood features and psychosocial factors

Kamphuis, Carlijn B.M. , Mackenbach, Johan P. , Giskes, Katrina M., Huisman, Martijn , Brug, Johannes , & van Lenthe, Frank J. (2010) Why do poor people perceive poor neighbourhoods? : the role of objective neighbourhood features and psychosocial factors. Health & Place, 16(4), pp. 744-754.

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Abstract

Compared to people with a high socioeconomic status, those with a lower socioeconomic status are more likely to perceive their neighbourhood as unattractive and unsafe, which is associated with their lower levels of physical activity. Agreement between objective and perceived environmental factors is often found to be moderate or low, so it is questionable to what extent ‘creating supportive neighbourhoods’ would change neighbourhood perceptions. This study among residents (N=814) of fourteen neighbourhoods in the city of Eindhoven (the Netherlands), investigated to what extent socioeconomic differences in perceived neighbourhood safety and perceived neighbourhood attractiveness can be explained by five domains of objective neighbourhood features (i.e. design, traffic safety, social safety, aesthetics, and destinations), and to what extent other factors may play a role. Unfavourable neighbourhood perceptions of low socioeconomic groups partly reflected their actual less aesthetic and less safe neighbourhoods, and partly their perceptions of low social neighbourhood cohesion and adverse psychosocial circumstances.

Impact and interest:

12 citations in Scopus
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14 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 34094
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Socioeconomic Position, Neighbourhood Aesthetics, Neighbourhood Safety, Perceived Environment, Objective Environment, Environmental Audit
DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.03.006
ISSN: 1873-2054
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Epidemiology (111706)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Preventive Medicine (111716)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SERVICES (111700) > Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified (111799)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Public Health & Social Work
Deposited On: 13 Aug 2010 08:03
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2011 04:42

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