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A decision support system for sustainable urban development : the integrated land use and transportation indexing model

Dur , Fatih, Yigitcanlar, Tan, & Bunker, Jonathan M. (2010) A decision support system for sustainable urban development : the integrated land use and transportation indexing model. In Yigitcanlar, Tan (Ed.) Rethinking Sustainable Development: Urban Management, Engineering, and Design. IGI Global, Engineering Science Reference, Hershey PA, New York NY, USA, pp. 56-72.

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    Abstract

    Broad, early definitions of sustainable development have caused confusion and hesitation among local authorities and planning professionals. This confusion has arisen because loosely defined principles of sustainable development have been employed when setting policies and planning projects, and when gauging the efficiencies of these policies in the light of designated sustainability goals. The question of how this theory-rhetoric-practice gap can be filled is the main focus of this chapter. It examines the triple bottom line approach–one of the sustainability accounting approaches widely employed by governmental organisations–and the applicability of this approach to sustainable urban development. The chapter introduces the ‘Integrated Land Use and Transportation Indexing Model’ that incorporates triple bottom line considerations with environmental impact assessment techniques via a geographic, information systems-based decision support system. This model helps decision-makers in selecting policy options according to their economic, environmental and social impacts. Its main purpose is to provide valuable knowledge about the spatial dimensions of sustainable development, and to provide fine detail outputs on the possible impacts of urban development proposals on sustainability levels. In order to embrace sustainable urban development policy considerations, the model is sensitive to the relationship between urban form, travel patterns and socio-economic attributes. Finally, the model is useful in picturing the holistic state of urban settings in terms of their sustainability levels, and in assessing the degree of compatibility of selected scenarios with the desired sustainable urban future.

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    ID Code: 34122
    Item Type: Book Chapter
    Keywords: Sustainable urban development, Spatial indexing, Planning decision support systems
    DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61692-022-7
    ISBN: 9781616920227
    Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Urban Analysis and Development (120507)
    Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BUILT ENVIRONMENT AND DESIGN (120000) > URBAN AND REGIONAL PLANNING (120500) > Urban and Regional Planning not elsewhere classified (120599)
    Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
    Past > Schools > School of Urban Development
    Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 IGI Global
    Deposited On: 16 Aug 2010 09:50
    Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:23

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