Experimental studies on the shear behaviour and strength of LiteSteel Beams

Poologanathan, Keerthan & Mahendran, Mahen (2010) Experimental studies on the shear behaviour and strength of LiteSteel Beams. Engineering Structures, 32(10), pp. 3235-3247.

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This paper presents the details of an experimental study on the shear behaviour and strength of a recently developed, cold-formed steel hollow flange channel beam known as LiteSteel Beam (LSB). The new LSB sections with rectangular hollow flanges are produced using a patented manufacturing process involving simultaneous cold-forming and dual electric resistance welding. They are commonly used as flexural members in buildings. However, no research has been undertaken on the shear behaviour of LSBs. Therefore a detailed experimental study involving 36 shear tests was undertaken to investigate the shear behaviour of 10 different LSB sections. Simply supported test specimens of LSBs with aspect ratios of 1.0 and 1.5 were loaded at midspan until failure using both single and back to back LSB arrangements. Test specimens were chosen such that all three types of shear failure (shear yielding, inelastic and elastic shear buckling) occurred in the tests. Comparison of experimental results with corresponding predictions from the current Australian and North American cold-formed steel design rules showed that the current design rules are very conservative for the shear design of LSBs. Significant improvements to web shear buckling occurred due to the presence of rectangular hollow flanges while considerable post-buckling strength was also observed. Appropriate improvements have been proposed for the shear strength of LSBs based on the design equations in the North American Specification. This paper presents the details of this experimental study and the results. When reduced height web side plates or only one web side plate was used, the shear capacity of LSB was reduced. Details of these tests and the results are also presented in this paper.

Keywords: LiteSteel beam, Shear strength, Shear tests, Cold-formed steel structures, Direct strength method, Slender web, Hollow flanges.

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34 citations in Scopus
26 citations in Web of Science®
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ID Code: 34163
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: LiteSteel beam, Shear strength, Shear tests, Cold-formed steel structures, Direct strength method, Hollow flanges
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.06.012
ISSN: 0141-0296
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Structural Engineering (090506)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Urban Development
Copyright Owner: Copyright © 2010 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in [Engineering Structures]. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in [Engineering Structures], [VOL32,
ISSUE10, (2010)] 10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.06.012
Deposited On: 19 Aug 2010 00:35
Last Modified: 02 Apr 2012 23:26

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