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A numerical method to quantify differential axial shortening in concrete buildings

Moragaspitiya, H.N. Praveen, Thambiratnam, David P., Perera, Nimal J., & Chan, Tommy H.T. (2010) A numerical method to quantify differential axial shortening in concrete buildings. Engineering Structures, 32(8), pp. 2310-2317.

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Abstract

Differential distortion comprising axial shortening and consequent rotation in concrete buildings is caused by the time dependent effects of “shrinkage”, “creep” and “elastic” deformation. Reinforcement content, variable concrete modulus, volume to surface area ratio of elements and environmental conditions influence these distortions and their detrimental effects escalate with increasing height and geometric complexity of structure and non vertical load paths. Differential distortion has a significant impact on building envelopes, building services, secondary systems and the life time serviceability and performance of a building. Existing methods for quantifying these effects are unable to capture the complexity of such time dependent effects. This paper develops a numerical procedure that can accurately quantify the differential axial shortening that contributes significantly to total distortion in concrete buildings by taking into consideration (i) construction sequence and (ii) time varying values of Young’s Modulus of reinforced concrete and creep and shrinkage. Finite element techniques are used with time history analysis to simulate the response to staged construction. This procedure is discussed herein and illustrated through an example.

Impact and interest:

9 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 34190
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Axial Shortening, Concrete Buildings, Creep, Shrinkage, Construction Sequence, Finite Element Method
DOI: 10.1016/j.engstruct.2010.04.006
ISSN: 0141-0296
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Structural Engineering (090506)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Urban Development
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Elsevier
Deposited On: 23 Aug 2010 09:32
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:15

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