The Didiman and Agricultural Policy: Creating Social Change in Papua New Guinea, 1945-1975
Godbold, Kim E. (2005) The Didiman and Agricultural Policy: Creating Social Change in Papua New Guinea, 1945-1975. In Social Change in the 21st Century, 28 October 2005, QUT Carseldine.
Prior to World War II, under Australian Administration, the economic development of
the Territory of Papua and New Guinea was based on commercial agriculture centered
on the institution of the plantation. Little was initiated in commercial or subsistence
agriculture development for the Indigenous people. This changed after World War II to
a rationale based not only on the promotion and advancement of primary industry but
also came to include the indigenous farmers. The traditional farming method used was
one based on shifting agriculture, trading networks and marine resources. To develop
agriculture within a colony it was thought that a modification, or in some cases the
complete changing of existing Indigenous farming systems, was necessary to improve
the material welfare of the farming population and for the future national interest of the Papua New Guinea sovereign state.
To achieve the modification in indigenous farming systems the Australian Government
adopted and utilized a programme based on Agricultural Extension (AE). The aims of AE
were based on the premise that it would raise the level of subsistence agriculture and at
the same time, by introducing suitable cash crops, enable the indigenous farmers to gain a monetary income. The agricultural extension officers who carried out this work were known by the Indigenes as the Didiman (von Fleckenstein, 1980, p. 74).
This paper will analyse the aims and methods associated with agricultural extension in the Territory of Papua and New Guinea, and argue that the Didiman were more than
agricultural educators, and were in planning and practice, active agents of social change.
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|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||Didiman, Papua New Guinea, agricultural extension, social change|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > SOCIOLOGY (160800) > Social Change (160805)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000) > SOCIOLOGY (160800)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Economic Development and Growth (140202)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ECONOMICS (140000) > APPLIED ECONOMICS (140200) > Agricultural Economics (140201)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY (160000)
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > QUT Carseldine - Humanities & Human Services|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2005 Kim E. Godbold|
|Deposited On:||03 Feb 2006|
|Last Modified:||09 Jun 2010 22:30|
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