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Characterising the homeostatic and hedonic markers of the susceptible phenotype

Blundell, John E., Bryant, Eleanor J., Lawton, Clare L., Halford, Jason G., Naslund, Erik, Finlayson, Graham, & King, Neil A. (2010) Characterising the homeostatic and hedonic markers of the susceptible phenotype. In Dube, Laurette, Bechara, Antoine, Dagher, Alain, Drewnowski, Adam, LeBel, Jordan, James, Philip, et al. (Eds.) Obesity Prevention: The Role of Brain and Society on Individual Behavior: A Handbook for Integrative Science, Policy and Action to Stop the Progression of the Obesity Pandemic. Academic Press, Elselvier Inc., Amsterdam, pp. 231-240.

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    Abstract

    Over the years, approaches to obesity prevention and treatment have gone from focusing on genetic and other biological factors to exploring a diversity of diets and individual behavior modification interventions anchored primarily in the power of the mind, to the recent shift focusing on societal interventions to design ";temptation-proof"; physical, social, and economic environments. In spite of repeated calls to action, including those of the World Health Organization (WHO), the pandemic continues to progress. WHO recently projected that if the current lifestyle trend in young and adult populations around the world persist, by 2012 in countries like the USA, health care costs may amount to as much as 17.7% of the GDP. Most importantly, in large part due to the problems of obesity, those children may be the first generation ever to have a shorter life expectancy than that of their parents. This work presents the most current research and proposals for addressing the pandemic. Past studies have focused primarly on either genetic or behavioral causes for obesity, however today's research indicates that a strongly integrated program is the best prospect for success in overcoming obesity. Furthermore, focus on the role of society in establishing an affordable, accessible and sustainable program for implementing these lifestyle changes is vital, particularly for those in economically challenged situations, who are ultimately at the highest risk for obesity. Using studies from both neuroscience and behavioral science to present a comprehensive overview of the challenges and possible solutions, The brain-to-society approach to obesity prevention focuses on what is needed in order to sustain a healthy, pleasurable and affordable lifestyle.

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    3 citations in Scopus
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    ID Code: 34347
    Item Type: Book Chapter
    Additional URLs:
    Keywords: Food Intake, Obesity, Appetite, Susceptible
    DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-374387-9.00018-0
    ISBN: 9780123743879
    Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (111100) > Nutritional Physiology (111103)
    Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology Psychopharmacology Physiological Psychology) (170101)
    Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
    Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
    Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
    Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
    Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Deposited On: 03 Sep 2010 15:48
    Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:18

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