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Body size and walking cadence affect lower extremity joint power in children's gait

Shultz, Sarah P., Hills, Andrew P., Sitler, Michael R., & Hillstrom, Howard J. (2010) Body size and walking cadence affect lower extremity joint power in children's gait. Gait & Posture, 32(2), pp. 248-252.

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Abstract

Obese children move less and with greater difficulty than normal-weight counterparts but expend comparable energy. Increased metabolic costs have been attributed to poor biomechanics but few studies have investigated the influence of obesity on mechanical demands of gait. This study sought to assess three-dimensional lower extremity joint powers in two walking cadences in 28 obese and normal-weight children. 3D-motion analysis was conducted for five trials of barefoot walking at self-selected and 30% greater than self-selected cadences. Mechanical power was calculated at the hip, knee, and ankle in sagittal, frontal and transverse planes. Significant group differences were seen for all power phases in the sagittal plane, hip and knee power at weight acceptance and hip power at propulsion in the frontal plane, and knee power during mid-stance in the transverse plane. After adjusting for body weight, group differences existed in hip and knee power phases at weight acceptance in sagittal and frontal planes, respectively. Differences in cadence existed for all hip joint powers in the sagittal plane and frontal plane hip power at propulsion. Frontal plane knee power at weight acceptance and sagittal plane knee power at propulsion were significantly different between cadences. Larger joint powers in obese children contribute to difficulty performing locomotor tasks, potentially decreasing motivation to exercise.

Impact and interest:

16 citations in Scopus
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11 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 34421
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Lower Extremity, Gait, Obesity, Child, Biomechanics
DOI: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2010.05.001
ISSN: 0966-6362
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > HUMAN MOVEMENT AND SPORTS SCIENCE (110600) > Biomechanics (110601)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Health Research
Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Deposited On: 10 Sep 2010 07:17
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:16

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