Post-tensioning and its effect on multi-level formwork load distribution

Kajewski, Stephen L., (1998) Post-tensioning and its effect on multi-level formwork load distribution. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.


Multi-level concrete buildings requrre substantial temporary formwork structures to support the slabs during construction. The primary function of this formwork is to safely disperse the applied loads so that the slab being constructed, or the portion of the permanent structure already constructed, is not overloaded. Multi-level formwork is a procedure in which a limited number of formwork and shoring sets are cycled up the building as construction progresses. In this process, each new slab is supported by a number of lower level slabs. The new slab load is, essentially, distributed to these supporting slabs in direct proportion to their relative stiffness. When a slab is post-tensioned using draped tendons, slab lift occurs as a portion of the slab self-weight is balanced. The formwork and shores supporting that slab are unloaded by an amount equivalent to the load balanced by the post-tensioning. This produces a load distribution inherently different from that of a conventionally reinforced slab. Through , theoretical modelling and extensive on-site shore load measurement, this research examines the effects of post-tensioning on multilevel formwork load distribution. The research demonstrates that the load distribution process for post-tensioned slabs allows for improvements to current construction practice. These enhancements include a shortening of the construction period; an improvement in the safety of multi-level form work operations; and a reduction in the quantity of form work materials required for a project. These enhancements are achieved through the general improvement in safety offered by post-tensioning during the various formwork operations. The research demonstrates that there is generally a significant improvement in the factors of safety over those for conventionally reinforced slabs. This improvement in the factor of safety occurs at all stages of the multi-level formwork operation. The general improvement in the factors of safety with post-tensioned slabs allows for a shortening of the slab construction cycle time. Further, the low level of load redistribution that occurs during the stripping operations makes post-tensioned slabs ideally suited to reshoring procedures. Provided the overall number of interconnected levels remains unaltered, it is possible to increase the number of reshored levels while reducing the number of undisturbed shoring levels without altering the factors of safety, thereby, reducing the overall quantity of formwork and shoring materials.

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ID Code: 36033
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Refereed: No
Supervisor: Brameld, Gerald H., Hampson, Keith D., & Thambiratnam, David
Additional Information: Presented to the School of Civil Engineering, Queensland University of Technology.
Keywords: Post-tensioned prestressed concrete construction, Reinforced concrete construction Formwork, Tall buildings Design and construction, backpropping, backshoring, concrete construction, formwork, high-rise construction, multi-level formwork, post-tensioning, preshoring, prestressing, reshoring, shoring, thesis, doctoral
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Stephen L., Kajewski
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2010 13:04
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2015 00:10

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