Mechanical properties of thin sol-gel films

Jämting, Åsa (1999) Mechanical properties of thin sol-gel films. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

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This thesis presents a study of the mechanical properties of thin films. The main aim was to determine the properties of sol-gel derived coatings. These films are used in a range of different applications and are known to be quite porous. Very little work has been carried out in this area and in order to study the mechanical properties of sol-gel films, some of the work was carried out on magnetron sputtered metal coatings in order to validate the techniques developed in this work.

The main part of the work has concentrated on the development of various bending techniques to study the elastic modulus of the thin films, including both a small scale three-point bending, as well as a novel bi-axial bending technique based on a disk resting on three supporting balls. The bending techniques involve a load being applied to the sample being tested and the bending response to this force being recorded. These experiments were carried out using an ultra micro indentation system with very sensitive force and depth recording capabilities. By analysing the result of these forces and deflections using existing theories of elasticity, the elastic modulus may be determined. In addition to the bi-axial bending study, a finite element analysis of the stress distribution in a disk during bending was carried out.

The results from the bi-axial bending tests of the magnetron sputtered films was confirmed by ultra micro indentation tests, giving information of the hardness and elastic modulus of the films.

It was found that while the three point bending method gave acceptable results for uncoated steel substrates, it was very susceptible to slight deformations of the substrate. Improvements were made by more careful preparation of the substrates in order to avoid deformation. However the technique still failed to give reasonable results for coated specimens. In contrast, biaxial bending gave very reliable results even for very thin films and this technique was also found to be useful for determination of the properties of sol-gel coatings.

In addition, an ultra micro indentation study of the hardness and elastic modulus of sol-gel films was conducted. This study included conventionally fired films as well as films ion implanted in a range of doses. The indentation tests showed that for implantation of H+ ions at doses exceeding 3x1016 ions/cm2, the mechanical properties closely resembled those of films that were conventionally fired to 450°C.

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ID Code: 36085
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: Bell, John M.
Additional Information: Presented to the School of Mechanical and Manufacturing and Medical Engineering, Queensland University of Technology.
Keywords: Thin films Mechanical properties, Colloids, mechanical properties, thin films, sol-gel deposition, bi-axial bending, ultra micro indentation, ion implementation, thesis, doctoral
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Åsa Jämting
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2010 13:04
Last Modified: 04 May 2016 03:40

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