Spatial distribution of submicrometre particles and CO in an urban microscale environment
Holmes, Nicholas S., Morawska, Lidia, Mengersen, Kerrie L., & Jayaratne, Rohan (2005) Spatial distribution of submicrometre particles and CO in an urban microscale environment. Atmospheric Environment, 39(22), pp. 3977-3988.
Traffic is the major source of submicrometre particles in an urban environment but the spatial distribution of particles around an urban site has not been measured. The aim of this paper was to investigate the relationship of CO and particles at a busy central urban location surrounded by buildings. This study measured the concentration and size distribution of submicrometre particles at a fixed location and concentrations of submicrometre particles and CO at 10 locations around a square site in the Brisbane Central Business District (CBD). Changes in concentration were assessed as a function of traffic volume and wind direction and speed. Fixed site measurements of submicrometre particle number concentration varied between 7.9 x 10(2) (+/- 40) and 2.6 x 10(5) (+/- 1.3 x 10(4)) cm(-3) and showed a strong positive correlation with traffic flow rate, confirming that vehicles were the major source of urban submicrometre particles. The particle concentration decreased exponentially with increasing wind speed.
Average particle concentrations around the site ranged between 19.7 x 10(3) (+/- 8.2 x 10(3)) and 32.5 x 10(3) (+/- 16.6 x 10(3)) cm(-3). Analysis of the particle measurements around the site showed that time and location both had a statistically significant effect on mean particle concentration around the square over the period of the study.
Around the site, CO concentration was relatively constant (within instrument error), ranging between 2.2 (+/- 1.9) and 4.5 (+/- 3.0) ppm. Again both time and location had a statistically significant effect on CO concentration during the measurement period. However, CO concentration was not significantly correlated to particle number concentration around the site and examination of between-site comparisons with the two pollutants showing different spatial and temporal trends.
The significant difference in the concentration trends between the locations around the square indicates that there is considerable inhomogeneity in the particle concentration around the site. One implication of this is that careful thought must be given to locations of air intakes of air-conditioning systems in urban environments. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||dispersion, submicrometre, particles, CO, urban|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2005 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.|
|Deposited On:||13 Jun 2006|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:16|
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