Particle deposition rates in residential houses
As part of a large study investigating indoor air in residential houses in Brisbane, Australia, the purpose of this work was to quantify the particle deposition rate of size classified particles in the size range from 0.015 to 6 micrometres. Particle size distribution resulting from cooking, repeated under two different ventilation conditions in 14 houses, as well as changes to particle size distribution and PM2.5 concentration as a function of time, were measured using a scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), an aerodynamic particle sizer (APS), and a DustTrak. Deposition rates were determined by regression fitting of the measured size-resolved particle number and PM2.5 concentration decay curves, and accounting for air exchange rate. The measured deposition rates were shown to be particle size dependent and they varied from house to house. The lowest deposition rates were found for particles in the size range from 0.2 to 0.3 micrometres for both minimum (air exchange rate: 0.6170.45 h-1) and normal (air exchange rate: 3.0071.23 h-1) ventilation conditions. The results of statistical analysis indicated that ventilation condition (measured in terms of air exchange rate) was an important factor affecting deposition rates for particles in the size range from 0.08 to 1.0 micrometres, but not for particles smaller than 0.08 micrometres or larger than 1.0 micrometres. Particle coagulation was assessed to be negligible compared to the two other processes of removal: ventilation and deposition. This study of particle deposition rates, the largest conducted so far in terms of the number of residential houses investigated, demonstrated trends in deposition rates comparable with studies previously reported, usually for significantly smaller samples of houses (often only one). However, the results compare better with studies which, similarly to this study, investigated cooking as a source of particles (particle sources investigated in other studies included general activity, cleaning, artificial particles, etc).
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|Item Type:||Journal Article|
|Keywords:||Indoor air quality, Indoor particle deposition, Supermicrometer particles, Submicrometer particles, PM2, 5|
|Divisions:||Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology|
|Copyright Owner:||Copyright 2005 Elsevier|
|Copyright Statement:||Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.|
|Deposited On:||20 Jul 2006 00:00|
|Last Modified:||29 Feb 2012 13:16|
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