Oxygen consumption and muscle activation patterns during constant load exercise

Smith, Nigel Anthony (2000) Oxygen consumption and muscle activation patterns during constant load exercise. Masters by Research thesis, Queensland University of Technology.

Abstract

The collective purpose of these two studies was to determine a link between the V02 slow component and the muscle activation patterns that occur during cycling. Six, male subjects performed an incremental cycle ergometer exercise test to determine asub-TvENT (i.e. 80% of TvENT) and supra-TvENT (TvENT + 0.75*(V02 max - TvENT) work load. These two constant work loads were subsequently performed on either three or four occasions for 8 mins each, with V02 captured on a breath-by-breath basis for every test, and EMO of eight major leg muscles collected on one occasion. EMG was collected for the first 10 s of every 30 s period, except for the very first 10 s period. The V02 data was interpolated, time aligned, averaged and smoothed for both intensities. Three models were then fitted to the V02 data to determine the kinetics responses. One of these models was mono-exponential, while the other two were biexponential. A second time delay parameter was the only difference between the two bi-exponential models. An F-test was used to determine significance between the biexponential models using the residual sum of squares term for each model. EMO was integrated to obtain one value for each 10 s period, per muscle. The EMG data was analysed by a two-way repeated measures ANOV A. A correlation was also used to determine significance between V02 and IEMG. The V02 data during the sub-TvENT intensity was best described by a mono-exponential response. In contrast, during supra-TvENT exercise the two bi-exponential models best described the V02 data. The resultant F-test revealed no significant difference between the two models and therefore demonstrated that the slow component was not delayed relative to the onset of the primary component. Furthermore, only two parameters were deemed to be significantly different based upon the two models. This is in contrast to other findings. The EMG data, for most muscles, appeared to follow the same pattern as V02 during both intensities of exercise. On most occasions, the correlation coefficient demonstrated significance. Although some muscles demonstrated the same relative increase in IEMO based upon increases in intensity and duration, it cannot be assumed that these muscles increase their contribution to V02 in a similar fashion. Larger muscles with a higher percentage of type II muscle fibres would have a larger increase in V02 over the same increase in intensity.

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ID Code: 36769
Item Type: QUT Thesis (Masters by Research)
Additional Information: Presented to the School of Human Movement Studies, Queensland University of Technology.
Keywords: Exercise Physiological aspects, Oxygen in the body, Muscles Physiology, Oxygen Physiological transport, oxygen uptake, oxygen uptake kinetics, slow component, modelling, sub-threshold, supra-threshold, muscle activation, integrated electromyography, motor unit recruitment, thesis, masters
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Nigel Anthony Smith
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2010 13:06
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2016 00:03

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