GYAN: A methodology for rule extraction from artificial neural networks

Nayak, Richi (1999) GYAN: A methodology for rule extraction from artificial neural networks. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.


Artificial neural network (ANN) learning methods provide a robust and non-linear approach to approximating the target function for many classification, regression and clustering problems. ANNs have demonstrated good predictive performance in a wide variety of practical problems. However, there are strong arguments as to why ANNs are not sufficient for the general representation of knowledge. The arguments are the poor comprehensibility of the learned ANN, and the inability to represent explanation structures.

The overall objective of this thesis is to address these issues by: (1) explanation of the decision process in ANNs in the form of symbolic rules (predicate rules with variables); and (2) provision of explanatory capability by mapping the general conceptual knowledge that is learned by the neural networks into a knowledge base to be used in a rule-based reasoning system.

A multi-stage methodology GYAN is developed and evaluated for the task of extracting knowledge from the trained ANNs. The extracted knowledge is represented in the form of restricted first-order logic rules, and subsequently allows user interaction by interfacing with a knowledge based reasoner. The performance of GYAN is demonstrated using a number of real world and artificial data sets. The empirical results demonstrate that: (1) an equivalent symbolic interpretation is derived describing the overall behaviour of the ANN with high accuracy and fidelity, and (2) a concise explanation is given (in terms of rules, facts and predicates activated in a reasoning episode) as to why a particular instance is being classified into a certain category.

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ID Code: 36857
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Supervisor: Diederich, Joachim
Additional Information: Presented to the School of Computing Science, Queensland University of Technology.
Keywords: Neural networks (Computer science), artificial neural networks, rule extraction, first order logic, data mining, knowledge acquisition, machine learning, inductive learning, thesis, doctoral
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Richi Nayak
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2010 13:06
Last Modified: 13 Jul 2017 14:39

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