The determination of three selected sites for the construction and operation of a low level radioactive waste storage and burial facility

Cassels, Brad M (2000) The determination of three selected sites for the construction and operation of a low level radioactive waste storage and burial facility. PhD thesis, Queensland University of Technology.


Radioactive wastes are by-products of the use of radiation technologies. As with many technologies, the wastes are required to be disposed of in a safe manner so as to minimise risk to human health. This study examines the requirements for a hypothetical repository and develops techniques for decision making to permit the establishment of a shallow ground burial facility to receive an inventory of low-level radioactive wastes. Australia’s overall inventory is used as an example. Essential and desirable siting criteria are developed and applied to Australia's Northern Territory resulting in the selection of three candidate sites for laboratory investigations into soil behaviour. The essential quantifiable factors which govern radionuclide migration and ultimately influence radiation doses following facility closure are reviewed. Simplified batch and column procedures were developed to enable laboratory determination of distribution and retardation coefficient values for use in one-dimensional advection-dispersion transport equations. Batch and column experiments were conducted with Australian soils sampled from the three identified candidate sites using a radionuclide representative of the current national low-level radioactive waste inventory. The experimental results are discussed and site soil performance compared. The experimental results are subsequently used to compare the relative radiation health risks between each of the three sites investigated. A recommendation is made as to the preferred site to construct an engineered near-surface burial facility to receive the Australian low-level radioactive waste inventory.

Impact and interest:

Citation counts are sourced monthly from Scopus and Web of Science® citation databases.

These databases contain citations from different subsets of available publications and different time periods and thus the citation count from each is usually different. Some works are not in either database and no count is displayed. Scopus includes citations from articles published in 1996 onwards, and Web of Science® generally from 1980 onwards.

Citations counts from the Google Scholar™ indexing service can be viewed at the linked Google Scholar™ search.

Full-text downloads:

13 since deposited on 22 Sep 2010
13 in the past twelve months

Full-text downloads displays the total number of times this work’s files (e.g., a PDF) have been downloaded from QUT ePrints as well as the number of downloads in the previous 365 days. The count includes downloads for all files if a work has more than one.

ID Code: 37051
Item Type: QUT Thesis (PhD)
Refereed: No
Supervisor: Akber, Riaz
Additional Information: Presented to the Centre for Medical and Health Physics, Queensland University of Technology.
Keywords: Radioactive waste disposal in the ground, Radioactive waste sites, thesis, doctoral
Institution: Queensland University of Technology
Copyright Owner: Copyright Brad M Cassels
Deposited On: 22 Sep 2010 13:06
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2015 23:15

Export: EndNote | Dublin Core | BibTeX

Repository Staff Only: item control page