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Spine Biomechanics

Adam, Clayton J. (2006) Spine Biomechanics. In Encyclopedia of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering. Marcel Dekker, New York.

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Abstract

Spine biomechanics is the study of motions and forces in the human spine, investigated in order to gain a better understanding of various spinal disorders and to develop optimal treatments. This article discusses the kinetics, kinematics, and tissue material properties of the healthy spine, followed by a summary of the biomechanics of pathology and treatment for three classes of spinal disorder; disc degeneration, fracture, and deformity. The role of experimental, theoretical and numerical analysis techniques is discussed, and likely future directions in spine biomechanics research are suggested.

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ID Code: 3716
Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: For more information about this book please refer to the publisher's website (see link) or contact the author. Author contact details : c.adam@qut.edu.au
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Keywords: adjacent segment disease, burst fracture, disc arthroplasty, finite element method, functional spinal unit, instantaneous axis of rotation, interbody fusion, intervertebral disc degeneration, kinematics, kinetics, kyphoplasty, linear elastic fracture mechanics, motion segment, neutral zone, osteoporosis, scoliosis, spinal deformity, spinal fusion, spinal implant, spinal instrumentation, stress fracture, tissue material properties, total disc replacement, vertebral compression fracture, vertebroplasty
ISBN: 0824755626
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomechanical Engineering (090302)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2006 Marcel Dekker
Deposited On: 16 Mar 2006
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:19

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