The Biology, Epidemiology, and Management of Rice Tungro Disease in Asia

Jefferson, Osmat Azzam & Chancellor, Tim (2002) The Biology, Epidemiology, and Management of Rice Tungro Disease in Asia. Plant Disease : An International Journal of Applied Plant Pathology, 86(2), pp. 88-100.


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Many farmers in South and Southeast Asia describe rice tungro disease as a cancer disease because of the severe damage it causes and the difficulty of controlling it (121). As the most important of the 14 rice viral diseases, tungro was first recognized as a leafhopper-transmitted virus disease in 1963 (88). However, tungro, which means “degenerated growth” in a Filipino dialect, has a much longer history. It is almost certain that tungro was responsible for a disease outbreak that occurred in 1859 in Indonesia, which was referred to at the time as mentek (83). In the past, a variety of names has been given to tungro, including accep na pula in the Philippines, penyakit merah in Malaysia, and yelloworange leaf in Thailand (83).

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ID Code: 37393
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Jefferson, Osmat, Ossmat, Azzam
DOI: 10.1094/PDIS.2002.86.2.88
ISSN: 0191-2917
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
Deposited On: 05 Oct 2010 04:35
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2012 17:24

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