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Substance use disorders

Kavanagh, David, Connor, Jason, & Young, Ross (2010) Substance use disorders. In Thomas, Jay C & Hersen, Michel (Eds.) Handbook of Clinical Psychology Competencies. Springer, United States of America, pp. 901-928.

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Abstract

Basic competencies in assessing and treating substance use disorders should be core to the training of any clinical psychologist, because of the high frequency of risky or problematic substance use in the community, and its high co-occurrence with other problems. Skills in establishing trust and a therapeutic alliance are particularly important in addiction, given the stigma and potential for legal sanctions that surround it. The knowledge and skills of all clinical practitioners should be sufficient to allow valid screening and diagnosis of substance use disorders, accurate estimation of consumption and a basic functional analysis. Practitioners should also be able to undertake brief interventions including motivational interviews, and appropriately apply generic interventions such as problem solving or goal setting to addiction. Furthermore, clinical psychologists should have an understanding of the nature, evidence base and indications for biochemical assays, pharmacotherapies and other medical treatments, and ways these can be integrated with psychological practice. Specialists in addiction should have more sophisticated competencies in each of these areas. They need to have a detailed understating of current addiction theories and basic and applied research, be able to undertake and report on a detailed psychological assessment, and display expert competence in addiction treatment. These skills should include an ability to assess and manage complex or co-occurring problems, to adapt interventions to the needs of different groups, and to assist people who have not responded to basic treatments. They should also be able to provide consultation to others, undertake evaluations of their practice, and monitor and evaluate emerging research data in the field.

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ID Code: 37478
Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: Handbook of Clinical Psychology Competencies describes the core competency areas in providing psychological services relevant to practitioners as well as clinical researchers. It covers assessment and conceptualization of cases, the application of evidence-based methods, supervision, consultation, cross-cultural factors, and ethics. This three-volume handbook provides detailed descriptions of competence levels and describes the developmental trajectory required to reach the highest of these levels. It features contributions by experts in each area. Each chapter in the first volume follows a similar format, including an overview, basic competencies, and expert competencies, which facilitates easy comparison across chapters. In addition, all the material is illustrated with case examples. Subsequent volumes feature a similarly structured format that includes maintenance factors, mechanisms of change, evidence-based treatment approaches, and a focus on the transition from basic skills to expert functioning. Table of contents General Competencies.- Basic Competencies.- Competencies in Adult Clinical Psychology.- Competencies in Child Clinical Psychology.- Ethical and Legal Issues.- Cultural Diversity.- Relationships.- Translating Science into Clinical Practice.- Diagnosis and Evaluation.- Clinical Interviewing with Adults.- Clinical Interviewing with Children.- Cognitive Assessment with Adults.- Cognitive Assessment with Children.- Behavioral Assessment with Adults.- Behavioral Assessment with Children.- Research.- Psychometrics.- Design and Analysis.- Single Subject Research.- Qualitative Research.- Epidemiology.- Literature Review and Meta Analysis.- Professional Roles.- Supervision.- Consultation.- Teaching.- Management and Administration.- Intervention and Treatment for Adults.- Adults.- Major Depressions.- Bipolar Disorder.- Simple Phobia.- Agoraphobia.- Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.- Social Anxiety.- Schizophrenia.- Borderline Personality Disorder.- Substance Use Disorders.- Sexual Deviation.- Marital Dysfunction.- Physical Abuse.- Sexual Abuse.- Special Topics.- Geropsychology.- Pharmacological Adjuncts.- Intervention and Treatment for Children and Adolescents.- Major Depression.- Bipolar Disorder.- Anxiety Disorders.- Mental Retardation.- Pervasive Developmental Disorder.- Learning Disabilities.- Conduct Disorders and ODD.- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.- Enuresis and Encopresis.- Tic and Habit Disorders.- Anorexia and Bulimia.- Substance Use Disorders.- Child Physical Abuse and Neglect.- Child Sexual Abuse.- Peer Problems.- Somatization Disorder.- Special Topics.- Pharmacological Adjuncts.- Family Issues.
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Keywords: Substance, Misuse, Drug, Clincial, Psychology
DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-09757-2_32
ISBN: 978-0-387-09756-5
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES (170000) > PSYCHOLOGY (170100) > Health Clinical and Counselling Psychology (170106)
Divisions: Current > QUT Faculties and Divisions > Faculty of Health
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Current > Schools > School of Psychology & Counselling
Copyright Owner: © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010
Deposited On: 05 Oct 2010 04:23
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 14:10

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