Reconciling the supply of and demand for carbon cycle science in the US agricultural sector

Logar, Nathaniel J. & Conant, Richard T. (2007) Reconciling the supply of and demand for carbon cycle science in the US agricultural sector. Environmental Science & Policy, 10(1), pp. 75-84.

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When asking the question, How can institutions design science policies for the benefit of decision makers?'' Sarewitz and Pielke Sarewitz, D., Pielke Jr., R.A., this issue. The neglected heart of science policy: reconciling supply of and demand for science. Environ. Sci. Policy 10] posit the idea ofreconciling supply and demand of science'' as a conceptual tool for assessment of science programs. We apply the concept to the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) carbon cycle science program. By evaluating the information needs of decision makers, or the demand'', along with the supply of information by the USDA, we can ascertain where matches between supply and demand exist, and where science policies might miss opportunities. We report the results of contextual mapping and of interviews with scientists at the USDA to evaluate the production and use of current agricultural global change research, which has the stated goal of providingoptimal benefit'' to decision makers on all levels. We conclude that the USDA possesses formal and informal mechanisms by which scientists evaluate the needs of users, ranging from individual producers to Congress and the President. National-level demands for carbon cycle science evolve as national and international policies are explored. Current carbon cycle science is largely derived from those discussions and thus anticipates the information needs of producers. However, without firm agricultural carbon policies, such information is currently unimportant to producers. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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ID Code: 37769
Item Type: Journal Article
Refereed: Yes
Keywords: Carbon cycle science; Agriculture; Science policy; Decision-making; Climate change; Carbon sequestration
DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2006.10.006
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > ECOLOGY (060200)
Divisions: Past > Institutes > Institute for Sustainable Resources
Deposited On: 07 Oct 2010 06:17
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 14:19

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