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An electrospun polycaprolactone–collagen membrane for the resurfacing of cartilage defects

Ho, Saey Tuan Barnabas, Ekaputra, Andrew Krishna, Hui, James Hoi, & Hutmacher, Dietmar W. (2010) An electrospun polycaprolactone–collagen membrane for the resurfacing of cartilage defects. Polymer International, 59(6), pp. 808-817.

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Abstract

A polycaprolactone (PCL)–collagen electrospun mesh is proposed as a novel alternative to the conventional periosteal graft in autologous chondrocyte implantation. This is the first known attempt in designing a cartilage resurfacing membrane using a mechanically resilient PCL mesh with a weight-average molecular weight of 139 300 that is enhanced with bioactive collagen. PCL–collagen 10, 20 and 40% electrospun meshes (Coll-10, Coll-20 and Coll-40) were evaluated and it was discovered that the retention of surface collagen could only be achieved in Coll-20 and Coll-40. Furthermore Coll-20 was stiffer and stronger than Coll-40 and it satisfied the mechanical demands at the cartilage implant site. When seeded with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), the cells adhered on the surface of the Coll-20 mesh and they remained viable over a period of 28 days; however, they were unable to infiltrate through the dense meshwork. Cell compatibility was also noted in the chondrogenic environment as the MSCs differentiated into chondrocytes with the expression of Sox9, aggrecan and collagen II. More importantly, the mesh did not induce a hypertrophic response from the cells. The current findings support the use of Coll-20 as a cartilage patch, and future implantation studies are anticipated.

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3 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 37825
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: electrospun mesh, polycaprolactone, collagen and periosteal substitute
DOI: 10.1002/pi.2792
ISSN: 0959-8103
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300) > Biomaterials (090301)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons
Deposited On: 12 Oct 2010 08:13
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:16

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