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The use of phase in complex spectrum subtraction for robust speech recognition

Kleinschmidt, Tristan, Sridharan, Sridha, & Mason, Michael W. (2011) The use of phase in complex spectrum subtraction for robust speech recognition. Computer Speech & Language, 25(3), pp. 585-600.

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Abstract

In this paper we propose a new method for utilising phase information by complementing it with traditional magnitude-only spectral subtraction speech enhancement through Complex Spectrum Subtraction (CSS). The proposed approach has the following advantages over traditional magnitude-only spectral subtraction:

(a) it introduces complementary information to the enhancement algorithm; (b) it reduces the total number of algorithmic parameters, and; (c) is designed for improving clean speech magnitude spectra and is therefore suitable for both automatic speech recognition (ASR) and speech perception applications.

Oracle-based ASR experiments verify this approach, showing an average of 20% relative word accuracy improvements when accurate estimates of the phase spectrum are available. Based on sinusoidal analysis and assuming stationarity between observations (which is shown to be better approximated as the frame rate is increased), this paper also proposes a novel method for acquiring the phase information called Phase Estimation via Delay Projection (PEDEP). Further oracle ASR experiments validate the potential for the proposed PEDEP technique in ideal conditions. Realistic implementation of CSS with PEDEP shows performance comparable to state of the art spectral subtraction techniques in a range of 15-20 dB signal-to-noise ratio environments. These results clearly demonstrate the potential for using phase spectra in spectral subtractive enhancement applications, and at the same time highlight the need for deriving more accurate phase estimates in a wider range of noise conditions.

Impact and interest:

4 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 37838
Item Type: Journal Article
Additional URLs:
Keywords: Speech enhancement, Spectral subtraction, Robust speech recognition, Phase spectrum
DOI: 10.1016/j.csl.2010.09.001
ISSN: 0885-2308
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES (080000) > ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND IMAGE PROCESSING (080100) > Pattern Recognition and Data Mining (080109)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Signal Processing (090609)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Institutes > Information Security Institute
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2011 Elsevier
Copyright Statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Computer Speech & Language. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Computer Speech & Language, [VOL 25, ISSUE 3, (2011)] DOI: 10.1016/j.csl.2010.09.001
Deposited On: 13 Oct 2010 08:03
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2013 13:06

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