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Tissue engineered prefabricated vascularized flaps

Oo, Kenneth Kian Kwan, Ong, Wei Chen, Ang, Annette Hui Chi, Hutmacher, Dietmar, & Tan, Luke Kim Siang (2007) Tissue engineered prefabricated vascularized flaps. Head and Neck, 29(5), pp. 458-468.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND.: Microvascular free tissue transfer has become increasingly popular in the reconstruction of head and neck defects, but it also has its disadvantages. Tissue engineering allows the generation of neo-tissue for implantation, but these tissues are often avascular. We propose to combine tissue-engineering techniques together with flap prefabrication techniques to generate a prefabricated vascularized soft tissue flap.

METHODS: Human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) labeled with fluorescein diacetate were static seeded onto polylactic-co-glycolic acid-collagen (PLGA-c) mesh. Controls were plain PLGA-c mesh. The femoral artery and vein of the nude rat was ligated and used as a vascular carrier for the constructs. After 4 weeks of implantation, the constructs were assessed by gross morphology, routine histology, Masson trichrome, and cell viability determined by green fluorescence.

RESULTS: All the constructs maintained their initial shape and dimensions. Angiogenesis was evident in all the constructs with neo-capillary formation within the PLGA-c mesh seen. HDFs proliferated and filled the interyarn spaces of the PLGA-c mesh, while unseeded PLGA-c mesh remained relatively acellular. Cell tracer study indicated that the seeded HDFs remained viable and closely associated to remaining PLGA-c fibers. Collagen formation was more abundant in the constructs seeded with HDFs.

CONCLUSIONS: PLGA-c, enveloped by a cell sheet composed of fibroblasts, can serve as a suitable scaffold for generation of a soft tissue flap. A ligated arteriovenous pedicle can serve as a vascular carrier for the generation of a tissue engineered vascularized flap.

Impact and interest:

5 citations in Scopus
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5 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 38071
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: tissue engineering, prefabricated, vascularized, polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)
DOI: 10.1002/hed.20546
ISSN: 1043-3074
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > OTHER BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (069900)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > CLINICAL SCIENCES (110300)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Current > Institutes > Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation
Deposited On: 25 Oct 2010 16:58
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:57

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