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Flow modeling in a novel non-perfusion conical bioreactor

Singh, Harmeet, Ang, Eng Seng, Lim, T.T., & Hutmacher, Dietmar (2007) Flow modeling in a novel non-perfusion conical bioreactor. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 97(5), pp. 1291-1299.

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Abstract

We have developed a bioreactor vessel design which has the advantages of simplicity and ease of assembly and disassembly, and with the appropriately determined flow rate, even allows for a scaffold to be suspended freely regardless of its weight. This article reports our experimental and numerical investigations to evaluate the performance of a newly developed non-perfusion conical bioreactor by visualizing the flow through scaffolds with 45° and 90° fiber lay down patterns. The experiments were conducted at the Reynolds numbers (Re) 121, 170, and 218 based on the local velocity and width of scaffolds. The flow fields were captured using short-time exposures of 60 µm particles suspended in the bioreactor and illuminated using a thin laser sheet. The effects of scaffold fiber lay down pattern and Reynolds number were obtained and correspondingly compared to results obtained from a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software package. The objectives of this article are twofold: to investigate the hypothesis that there may be an insufficient exchange of medium within the interior of the scaffold when using our non-perfusion bioreactor, and second, to compare the flows within and around scaffolds of 45° and 90° fiber lay down patterns. Scaffold porosity was also found to influence flow patterns. It was therefore shown that fluidic transport could be achieved within scaffolds with our bioreactor design, being a non-perfusion vessel. Fluid velocities were generally same of the same or one order lower in magnitude as compared to the inlet flow velocity. Additionally, the 90° fiber lay down pattern scaffold was found to allow for slightly higher fluid velocities within, as compared to the 45° fiber lay down pattern scaffold. This was due to the architecture and pore arrangement of the 90° fiber lay down pattern scaffold, which allows for fluid to flow directly through (channel-like flow).

Impact and interest:

18 citations in Scopus
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20 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 38083
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: bioreactor, tissue engineering, computational fluid dynamics, scaffolds
DOI: 10.1002/bit.21327
ISSN: 0006-3592
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (060000) > OTHER BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES (069900)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING (090300)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > TECHNOLOGY (100000)
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES (110000) > MEDICAL PHYSIOLOGY (111600)
Copyright Owner: Wiley
Deposited On: 26 Aug 2011 12:00
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 23:57

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