Characterisation of Coal Seam Gas Waters in New Zealand
Taulis, Mauricio, Trumm, D , Milke, M , Nobes, D , Manhire, D , & O'Sullivan, A (2005) Characterisation of Coal Seam Gas Waters in New Zealand. In Realising New Zealand's Mineral Potential - Proceedings of the 2005 New Zealand Minerals Conference, Auckland New Zealnd , pp. 416-425.
Coal seam gas (CSG) exploration and development requires the abstraction of significant amounts of water. This is so because gas desorbtion in coal seams takes place only after aquifer pressure has been reduced by prolonged pumping of aquifer water. CSG waters have a specific geochemical signature which is a product of their formation process. These waters have high bicarbonate, high sodium, low calcium, low magnesium, and very low sulphate concentrations. Additionally, chloride concentrations may be high depending on the coal depositional environment. This particular signature is not only useful for exploration purposes, but it also highlights potential environmental issues that can arise as a consequence of CSG water disposal. Since 2002 L&M Coal Seam Gas Ltd and CRL Energy Ltd, have been involved in exploration and development of CSG in New Zealand. Anticipating disposal of CSG waters as a key issue in CSG development, they have been assessing CSG water quality along with exploration work. Coal seam gas water samples from an exploration well in Maramarua closely follow the geochemical signature associated with CSG waters. This has helped to identify CSG potential, while at the same time assessing the chemical characteristics and water generation processes in the aquifer. Neutral pH and high alkalinity suggest that these waters could be easily managed once the sodium and chloride concentrations are reduced to acceptable levels.
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|Item Type:||Conference Paper|
|Keywords:||coal seam gas, lignites, sodium, TDS, conductivity|
|Subjects:||Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > EARTH SCIENCES (040000) > PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENTAL GEOSCIENCE (040600) > Hydrogeology (040603)|
Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500) > Water Resources Engineering (090509)
|Divisions:||Past > Schools > Biogeoscience|
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Science and Technology
|Deposited On:||22 Oct 2010 15:34|
|Last Modified:||21 Jun 2011 01:00|
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