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Identifying large truck hot spots using crash counts and PDOEs

Vadlamani, Sravani , Chen, Erdong , Ahn, Soyoung , & Washington, Simon (2010) Identifying large truck hot spots using crash counts and PDOEs. Journal of Transportation Engineering, Online(Online), pp. 1-43.

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Abstract

Large trucks are involved in a disproportionately small fraction of the total crashes but a disproportionately large fraction of fatal crashes. Large truck crashes often result in significant congestion due to their large physical dimensions and from difficulties in clearing crash scenes. Consequently, preventing large truck crashes is critical to improving highway safety and operations. This study identifies high risk sites (hot spots) for large truck crashes in Arizona and examines potential risk factors related to the design and operation of the high risk sites. High risk sites were identified using both state of the practice methods (accident reduction potential using negative binomial regression with long crash histories) and a newly proposed method using Property Damage Only Equivalents (PDOE). The hot spots identified via the count model generally exhibited low fatalities and major injuries but large minor injuries and PDOs, while the opposite trend was observed using the PDOE methodology. The hot spots based on the count model exhibited large AADTs, whereas those based on the PDOE showed relatively small AADTs but large fractions of trucks and high posted speed limits. Documented site investigations of hot spots revealed numerous potential risk factors, including weaving activities near freeway junctions and ramps, absence of acceleration lanes near on-ramps, small shoulders to accommodate large trucks, narrow lane widths, inadequate signage, and poor lighting conditions within a tunnel.

Impact and interest:

3 citations in Scopus
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2 citations in Web of Science®

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ID Code: 38192
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: traffic safety, large trucks, crash, crash severity, high risk sites
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000183
ISSN: 0733-947X
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > CIVIL ENGINEERING (090500)
Divisions: Current > Research Centres > Centre for Accident Research & Road Safety - Qld (CARRS-Q)
Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Urban Development
Deposited On: 27 Oct 2010 11:03
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:18

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