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Load frequency control for rural distributed generation

Majumder, Ritwik, Ghosh, Arindam, Ledwich, Gerard, & Zare, Firuz (2010) Load frequency control for rural distributed generation. Electric Power Components and Systems, 38(6), pp. 637-656.

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Abstract

In rural low-voltage networks, distribution lines are usually highly resistive. When many distributed generators are connected to such lines, power sharing among them is difficult when using conventional droop control, as the real and reactive power have strong coupling with each other. A high droop gain can alleviate this problem but may lead the system to instability. To overcome4 this, two droop control methods are proposed for accurate load sharing with frequency droop controller. The first method considers no communication among the distributed generators and regulates the output voltage and frequency, ensuring acceptable load sharing. The droop equations are modified with a transformation matrix based on the line R/X ration for this purpose. The second proposed method, with minimal low bandwidth communication, modifies the reference frequency of the distributed generators based on the active and reactive power flow in the lines connected to the points of common coupling. The performance of these two proposed controllers is compared with that of a controller, which includes an expensive high bandwidth communication system through time-domain simulation of a test system. The magnitude of errors in power sharing between these three droop control schemes are evaluated and tabulated.

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ID Code: 38319
Item Type: Journal Article
Keywords: Autonomous microgrid, Load Frequency Droop, Active and Reactive Power Sharing, Resistive Lines, Rural Distribution System
DOI: 10.1080/15325000903489652
ISSN: 1532-5008
Subjects: Australian and New Zealand Standard Research Classification > ENGINEERING (090000) > ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING (090600) > Electrical and Electronic Engineering not elsewhere classified (090699)
Divisions: Past > QUT Faculties & Divisions > Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering
Past > Schools > School of Engineering Systems
Copyright Owner: Copyright 2010 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
Deposited On: 04 Nov 2010 09:40
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2012 00:19

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